Authors: Christopher R.D. Menke, DPM; Michael C. McGlamry, DPM; Craig A. Camasta, DPM
The aim of this pilot study was to assess if using an interfragmental lag screw and a Darco® locking H-plate for the modified Lapidus arthrodesis in the treatment of hallux abducto valgus deformity (1) would allow for earlier weight bearing than previously described and (2) would indicate whether any changes would occur radiographically with the earlier weight bearing. Twenty-one metatarsocuneiform arthrodeses, in 18 patients, were retrospectively evaluated through chart review and postoperative radiographs. Original diagnoses included painful hallux abducto valgus and osteoarthritis of the first metatarsocuneiform joint. The mean age of the patients was 48 (range, 16 to 70) years. The mean follow-up duration was 38.5 (range, 29 to 60) months. The overall radiographic osseous union rate was 90.5% (19/21 feet), although there were 2 asymptomatic nonunions. There were no cases of fixation failure, and the surgical correction was preserved on follow-up radiographs. Overall, the mean time to full weight bearing was 4.7 (range, 3 to 7.5) weeks, and it was a mean of 8 (range, 7 to 10) weeks before the patient was back to wearing comfortable shoes. The authors concluded that metatarsocuneiform arthrodesis fixated with 1 interfragmentary lag screw and a Darco® locking H-plate provides sufficient stability to allow earlier weight bearing than has been previously described with other internal fixation constructs.
Level of Clinical Evidence: 4